Treatment focused ultrasound (FUS)
FUS s a highly precise medical procedure using high-intensity focused ultrasound to heat up and destroy tumor cells and tissue rapidly. This advanced method makes it possible to avoid hysterectomy or myomectomy (removal of the uterus or part of the uterus).
The procedure lasts from three to four hours, with no need for general anesthesia or hospitalization. As a rule, you can return to your normal life the next day after the procedure.
What is a myoma (fibroid)?
Myomas or fibroids are benign uterine tumors common for women of the childbearing age.
In most cases, fibroids are small and cause no trouble, but sometimes they can grow to the size that leads to clinical symptoms, like pain, bleeding, and various disorders of urination.
There are multiple and individual fibroid formations.
Fibroids can cause infertility and complications during pregnancy.
Treatment options include:
- pharmacological prevention of bleeding;
- surgery - removal of the uterus or uterine fibroids viaabdominal surgery;
- the removal of fibroids by hysteroscopy (the insertion of optical fibers into the uterus) in the rare cases when fibroids are localized on the inner surface of the uterus;
- embolization - a procedure in which small particles are introduced intp the uterine arteries to disrupt blood supply and cause necrosis of the fibroids.
This new non-invasive way to treat fibroids is applied in order to avoid abdominal surgery, to preserve the uterus and fallopian tubes as well as to improve the quality of life. Studies have shown that 80% of the patients feel a significant improvement after the removal of fibroids.
The process of examination and treatment:
- A visit to the gynecologist, during which an initial diagnosis will be confirmed (or rejected) by means of an ultrasound method.
- MRI procedure, allowing to pinpoint the location and type of fibroids, and thus, to develop a treatment plan.
- FUS procedure that can last from three to five hours (and sometimes involve an additional procedure to increase the chances of success).
- Periodic visit to the gynecologist to evaluate a symptomatic relief and progress in recovery.
Advantages of focused ultrasound therapy:
- ability to avoid damage to the uterus as a result of surgery;
- ability to avoid scarring as a result of an invasive surgical procedure;
- low level of risk and complications;
- a very short period of rehabilitation;
- minimal side effects;
- the procedure is performed in a hospital MRI facilities without any need for hospitalization;
- significant improvement of quality of life.
Are there any disadvantages of focused ultrasound therapy?
- Focused ultrasound treatment is suitable for most women, but not all. Modern diagnostic techniques allow us to make the correct choice of treatment for the patient.
- Reducing the size of fibroids occurs gradually, not immediately. Improvement usually comes quickly, but again gradually.
- Sometimes, when uterine myomas are large, there is a need for more than one procedure to achieve the desired result.
- Because the uterus is not removed, there may be a situation in the future, when new fibroids may appear, which would require further treatment.
- Focused ultrasound treatment is not suitable for women with very large or multiple uterine fibroids located in remote places.
Eligible for the procedure?
Focused ultrasound treatment is suitable for older women (child non-bearing age), suffering from fibroids.